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The Moravian College history department offers a foundation in North American, European, Latin American, and African history while allowing majors to design their own traditional, interdisciplinary, or interdepartmental programs. Students will gain a broad understanding of humanity. They will have a rigorous exposure to historical research in a variety formats, including honors thesis, collaborative research projects, collaborative teaching, independent studies, field studies, work study, and senior seminar. Our recent graduates have embarked on careers as curators, journalists, teachers, lawyers, archivists, librarians, and history professors.

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Assistant Professor of History

EDUCATION: B.A., Universidad del Claustro de Sor Juana, Mexico; M.Phil, University of Oxford; Ph.D., University of Manchester

INTERESTS: Colonial and modern Latin American and Mexican history, as well as food, class and gender in Latin America. Dr. Aguilar's articles, published in The Americas and Radical History Review, explore food and gender in modern Mexico. She is currently working on a book tentatively titled Cooking Modernity: Food, Gender, and Class in Mid-Twentieth Century Mexico, which situates women, the kitchen, and food at the forefront of the modernization process by examining women's agency at home and the failure of nutrition programs in Mexico.

Associate Professor of History, Chair of the History Department

EDUCATION: B.A., University of Otago (New Zealand); M.A. & Ph.D., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

INTERESTS: Medieval history, English history, the history of popular culture, women's history, peasant history, and the history of disease. Dr. Bardsley is the author of Women's Roles in the Middle Ages (2007) and Venomous Tongues: Speech and Gender in Late Medieval England (2006). She is currently working on a book on the ways in which the Black Death of the mid-fourteenth century affected gender systems in late medieval England.

Assistant Professor of History

EDUCATION: B.A., University of Delaware; M.A., Gallaudet University; M.A., University of Massachusetts-Amherst; Ph.D., Ohio State University

Associate Professor of History

EDUCATION: B.A., University of Turku, Finland; Ph.D., University of Chicago

INTERESTS: Modern European and German politics, culture, everyday life, emotions, education, the use of historical knowledge, the Holocaust, history of masculinity in modern Europe, and history of emotions. Dr. Lempa is the author of Beyond the Gymnasium: Educating the Middle-Class Bodies in Classical Germany (2007) and Bildung der Triebe: Der deutsche Philanthropismus (1768-1788) (1993). He is currently working on a book-length project that explores, through a series of case studies, how the sense and practices of honor changed in Germany and how these changes shaped the German man from 1700 to 1945.

Associate Professor of History

EDUCATION: B.A., University of Toronto; M.A., Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University; Ph.D., Queen's University

INTERESTS: Early American and antebellum U.S. history and the history of First People. Dr. Paxton is the author of Joseph Brant and His World: Eighteenth-Century Statesman and Warrior (2008). He is currently working on a book manuscript tentatively titled Kinship, Communities, and Covenant Chains: The Mohawks and Their Neighbors in New York and Upper Canada, 1712-1830, which examines how Mohawks, one of the Six Nations, incorporated Europeans into kinship networks and how the resultant communities persisted for more than a century in New York and, after the Revolution, Upper Canada (Ontario).

Faculty Associate, Director of the Moravian Archives

EDUCATION: Ph.D., University of Utrecht, Netherlands

INTERESTS: 18th-century Moravian history and archival studies. Dr. Peucker is the author of 's Heerendijk: Herrnhutters in IJsselstein 1736-1770 (1991). He is currently working on a book on the so-called "Sifting Time" in the Moravian Church, a period in the mid-18th century that was perceived as a time of severe crisis and played a defining role in the development of the Moravian Church.

  • Daniel Gilbert
  • Dennis Glew
  • Winfred Kohls
  • Janet Loengard
  • Robert Stinson


The history department offers many opportunities for student research. Select students may participate in honors or SOAR projects. A number of students assist professors with their research. Local and regional institutions, including the Moravian Archives, the Historic Bethlehem Partnership, and the National Museum of Industrial History provide opportunities for field study experience. Students are also welcome to design independent studies in topics of their choosing. The History Fellowship affords students an opportunity to teach a class while doing their own research on a related topic.

The national history honor society, Phi Alpha Theta, is active on campus. The History Club invites guest speakers, sponsors discussions, and organizes trips to historic sites around the eastern U.S.


The history department is located on the third floor of the historic 1892 Comenius building, which houses both faculty offices and state-of-the-art classrooms. 300 Comenius Hall serves as the history common room for the students and faculty to congregate, discuss history, and hold club meetings.

History and historical studies majors have access to the Moravian Archives, which houses one of the most significant German-related archival collections in the United States and other documents dating back to colonial times. Some of its treasures include detailed documentation of the daily life of the historic Moravian community, deeds from the founding of the town of Bethlehem, a significant collection of incunabula (early printed books), and a letter to the college from Thomas Jefferson.


North America:

  • The United States to 1877
  • The United States since 1865
  • The United States 1815-1877: National Development and Sectional Crisis
  • The United States 1945 to the Present
  • American Social History
  • The U.S. and Latin America: History of Their Relations
  • Colonial America
  • Seminar: First People of North America


  • European Civilization since 1500
  • Ancient Greece
  • Ancient Rome
  • Medieval Europe
  • England Through the Reign of Elizabeth
  • Classical Mythology
  • Europe in the 20th Century
  • Bismarck to Hitler to Fischer: History of Modern Germany
  • The Holocaust
  • Popular Culture in Medieval and Early Modern Europe
  • Women in Europe 500-1700
  • Victorian Ladies and Other Women: England and America, 1837-1914
  • Seminar: History of Emotions
  • Seminar: Disease in History

Latin America, Africa, and Asia:

  • Latin America in the Colonial Era
  • 19th- and 20th- Century Latin America
  • Mexico: Revolution and Globalization
  • Arab-Islamic Civilization
  • Topics in Asian History
  • African Civilizations
  • Modern Southern Africa
  • Environmental History

Intensive Research:

  • Historical Methods and Interpretations
  • Senior Seminar
  • History Fellowship
  • Honors
  • Independent Study
  • Field Study

Recent Special Topic Courses:

  • Eighteenth-Century Moravians
  • Masculinity in Modern Europe
  • Conflict and Conflict Resolution in Tropical Africa
  • Europeans in Africa
  • Canada to 1855
  • Food and Gender in Modern Mexico