Protection of minors
This policy is designed to educate our community members- faculty, staff, students, volunteers- about the state laws and regulations regarding the prevention, identification, and reporting of child abuse. Moravian College is committed to the protection and safety of minors. While the vast majority of the members of the Moravian community are adults age 18 and over, our community also includes minors less than 18 years of age, both in formal relationship to the College, and more informally, as frequent visitors. For example, minors may be matriculated or prospective students, participants in camp programs, volunteer programs, outreach and enrichment programs.
Nothing in this policy is intended to supersede obligations imposed by law regarding the maintenance of privilege by specified professionals.
It is the obligation of every member of the college community to report suspected child abuse as soon as possible as outlined below.
Duty to Report
Every member of the Moravian community has a duty to report as soon as possible if he/she has reasonable cause to suspect that a child is a victim of child abuse based on:
1. Information shared with him/her by the child or any individual; or
2. His/her own observations or knowledge.
The duty to report is triggered by reasonable suspicion or belief. There is no requirement that there be actual evidence of abuse, nor should any individual seek to investigate the matter for him/herself. Any doubt as to whether or not to report should be resolved in favor of making the report to ensure that the appropriate professionals in child protective services can assess the report and evaluate the safety of the child.
Under this policy, any Moravian community member (faculty, staff, students, volunteers) suspecting abuse of a child is required to bring all reasonable suspicions or beliefs to the immediate attention of the appropriate state authorities immediately.
PA ChildLine: 1-800-932-0313
As soon as the report is made, you must contact the Chief of Police and/or Vice President for Human Resources. These individuals, in turn, have the obligation to verify that appropriate authorities have been notified and to coordinate investigations by the appropriate police jurisdiction or other agencies.
Failure by any member of the Moravian community to report information related to suspected child abuse as soon as possible to either Child Line or the designated officials will result in discipline up to and including termination for employees and dismissal for students. Failure of these officials to initiate timely notice and timely and appropriate investigation will result in discipline up to and including termination.
Definition of Child Abuse
A child is defined as anyone under the age of 18. The term "child abuse" shall mean intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly doing any of the following:
Causing bodily injury to a child through any recent act or failure to act.
Fabricating, feigning, or intentionally exaggerating or inducing a medical symptom or disease which results in a potentially harmful medical evaluation or treatment to the child through any recent act.
Causing or substantially contributing to serious mental injury to a child through any act or failure to act or a series of such acts or failures to act.
Causing sexual abuse or exploitation of a child through any act or failure to act.
Creating a reasonable likelihood of bodily injury to a child through any recent act or failure to act.
Creating a likelihood of sexual abuse or exploitation of a child through any recent act or failure to act.
Causing serious physical neglect of child.
Engaging in any of the following recent acts:
(i) Kicking, biting, throwing, burning, stabbing or cutting a child in a manner that endangers the child.
(ii) Unreasonably restraining or confining a child, based on consideration of the method, location or the duration of the restraint or confinement.
(iii) Forcefully shaking a child under one year of age.
(iv) Forcefully slapping or otherwise striking a child under one year of age.
(v) Interfering with the breathing of a child.
(vi) Causing a child to be present at a location while a violation of 18 Pa.C.S. § 7508.2 (relating to operation of methamphetamine laboratory) is occurring, provided that the violation is being investigated by law enforcement.
(vii) Leaving a child unsupervised with an individual, other than the child's parent, who the actor knows or reasonably should have known:
Is required to register as a Tier II or Tier III sexual offender under Pennsylvania law, where the victim of the sexual offense was under 18 years of age when the crime was committed.
Has been determined to be a sexually violent predator under Pennsylvania law
Has been determined to be a sexually violent delinquent child as defined by Pennsylvania law.
Causing the death of the child through any act or failure to act.
Pennsylvania law requires that private colleges, including Moravian College their employees and persons affiliated with the college, such as students, and volunteers (the Moravian community), report suspected child abuse. Reports of suspected abuse must be made by members of the Moravian community to ChildLine at 1-800-932-0313. Consistent with this policy, however, and as stated above it is expected that notice of this report will also be shared as soon as possible with the Chief of Police and the Vice President for Human Resources after ChildLine has been notified.
Consequences of Abuse
The employment of any college employee who is convicted of a charge related to abuse of a minor will be terminated, whether the abuse occurred on or off campus. Any employee against whom a credible allegation of child abuse has been made as determined by a preponderance of the evidence, on or off campus, is subject to College discipline up to and including termination. Any Moravian student who is convicted of a charge related to abuse of a minor will be expelled from the College, whether the abuse occurred on or off campus. Any Moravian student against whom a credible accusation has been made as determined by a preponderance of the evidence, on or off campus, is subject to discipline up to and including expulsion.
Created and approved March 2019. Questions about this policy should be directed to Human Resources at firstname.lastname@example.org.