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Moravian College

Interdisciplinary Programs

Learning in Common Courses

LinC 101. First-Year Writing Seminar. First-Year Writing Seminar (FYWS) introduces students to academic literacy practices central to success in any discipline at Moravian College. The course is designed to help students transition to college expectations, generate research questions, find and evaluate sources, and make informed decisions about how best to achieve their purposes in various writing situations. The subject area focus of each section of First-Year Writing Seminar varies, but all sections are similar in their approach: students develop the skills of critical reading, research, argumentation, revision, and reflection; and students work collaboratively with classmates, the instructor, and the Writing Fellow to improve writing, build community, and explore available campus resources to achieve academic and personal success during their time at Moravian. Sample themes for FYWS include science vs. pseudoscience; the meaning of life; medieval imaginations; the biology of love and sex; transitions of youth; the nature of creativity; and poverty in a global context. (F1) 

Writing 100. Writing as a communication process central to learning and life. Helps students write in varied styles for varied audiences, use research materials and cite them appropriately, and use technology as a tool for research and writing. Students will work collaboratively in workshop settings and will practice both oral and written communication. Each section will have its own subject-area focus. (F1) 

Pre-Health Professions Courses

Health 285 and 285.2. Clinical Observership. Supervised observation in a clinical setting for pre-medical, pre-veterinary, and pre-health professions students. A minimum of 50 hours plus assigned work for one-half unit of credit; a minimum of 100 hours plus assigned work for one full unit of credit. Prerequisites: junior or senior class standing; 2.70 overall GPA. Application required prior to registration for the class. 

Interdisciplinary Courses

110. World Geography and Global Issues. Relationships between place and culture, politics, economics, and society. How various regions respond to problems such as poverty, war, and health care, and how their responses affect the global community. Topics change at the discretion of the instructor. Two 70-minute periods. (M5)

165. Life Walk of Justice:  Introduction to Peace and Justice Studies.  (Also Religion 165, Sociology 165.)  In this course students will be encouraged to identify and analyze (in)justice in our own lives, communities and world.  In addition to course readings, we will use the contemplative practices of memoir and walking as resources for critical thinking.  A majority of the course will involve students developing responses to (in)justice through various projects that reflect students’ own passion and design, including academic, artistic, political, social, service-oriented, and personal responses.  Prerequisites:  First-Year students and sophomores only; juniors and seniors with permission of the instructor. (M3)  
Denton-Borhaug, Jasper

185. (185.2). Interdisciplinary Project
The Interdisciplinary Project is an experiential and interdisciplinary project available to students who have completed at least one term of study at Moravian College.  The project must be interdisciplinary in scope.  Projects may be undertaken by a group of students working with a faculty member, or by a single student working one-on-one.  Projects are normally conducted on campus, but could include some immersion in the local community, with faculty supervision.  Unlike an internship, there usually is no site supervision from the community.  Work done for the project must be independent from that prepared for other classes, or from service hours required for other classes or extracurricular organizations.

A full-unit interdisciplinary project requires a minimum of 8 hours of “hands-on” work per week for a fall or spring term (a minimum of 4 hours of “hands-on” work per week is required for a half-unit interdisciplinary project).  Examples of “hands-on” work might be building sets in the theatre; preparing other students for musical performance working with other students or a faculty member on some element of research; or doing work outside the institution in a professional setting, similar to some of the work one might find in an internship placement.  The faculty supervisor will assign additional work, such as readings and written work, to foster critical thinking and reflection in the applied disciplines, to ensure that the project meets the 174-hour minimum requirement.

At the end of the semester students provide evidence if reaching this goal in a formal presentation, performance or comparable public display.  The overall experience enhances students’ preparedness for future employment or post-graduate studies.  Students who are undecided may use the project to help discern possible career/major paths.  Applications for the Interdisciplinary Project are submitted to the Learning in Common Committee for review by the end of term prior to the term of the project (for example, by the end of fall for a spring project).

200. Witches and Demons in German History and Culture. (Also German 200) Examines a wide variety of texts and other media to explore the idea and representation of the strange and "deviant" in German literature and culture from early modern Europe to the present. Focus on the concept of the witch, witch-hunts, the Faust legend, and gender issues. Supplemented by audio-visual materials from art history, film, and popular culture. Taught in English. (M2)

205. Spaces for Living: Design in Mind. (Also Psychology 205) We live amidst architecture—buildings, houses, interiors, and landscapes—but we rarely take the time to think about the spaces where we live. Why have our homes, communities, cities, and public spaces evolved as they have? Are some spaces more pleasing to the eye and the mind than others? How do our physical spaces affect our mental life? To explore these questions, we will read about domestic life (the idea of "home"), architecture, and design. May Term. (M6)

210. Modern Urbanization: Destruction and Restoration of Cities around the World. Modern urbanization has threatened the nature of our cities for years. Unless efforts are made to protect them, cities around the world will lose their historical, cultural, and social specificities, and probably look alike by mid-century. By focusing primarily on seven of the world's greatest cities (Bangkok, Beijing, Berlin, Cairo, Kyoto, Paris, and Venice), we examine how they address (or fail to address) those challenging issues. (M5)

212. Artists as Activists. (Also Art 212). How do artists, graphic designers, writers and performing artists raise questions and advocate social change? Global examples of visual culture will include propaganda, graphic design, film music video, and theatre. Relationships between art, images, mass media, and acts of conscience will be evaluated using ethical/philosophical frameworks and formal and contextual analysis. Discussion will include historical, social, and political context of art, its method of production and distribution, and its inherent privileges or risks. Prerequisite: Junior or senior class standing. (U2) 

213. The Impact of Technology on Diet and Disease. Historically, technology has had an enormous impact on diet and disease. Beginning with the domestication of crops and animals, the course will trace changes in the diet and human social systems resulting from advances in agriculture and food distribution. Topics include the 18th-century agricultural and industrial revolutions and the "green revolution" of the 1950s; hormones, antibiotics, genetically engineered crops; pandemics such as the Black Death of the 14th century, Spanish influenza in 1918, and AIDS and other emerging diseases. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing. (U1)
Binford, Husic

214. Immigration, Exile and Internal Displacement in Latin American and Latino Literature. (Also Foreign Language 214) Immigration, exile and internal displacement are phenomena seen across the world, and ones that are frequent topics of discussion. This course will examine such issues among the diverse Latin American cultures through the lens of fiction. These texts and films deal directly with moments of social transformation, power differences, and cultural (mis)understanding. Studying how these works will help students better understand the timely issues of displacement, as well as how these issues are perceived and represented. Course conducted in English. (M5) Prerequisite: Writing 100 or LinC 101.

215. Living in a Digital Society. This course considers how society has changed as a result of increased accessibility to information through computer technology. Possible topics include dealing with “information overload” through information literacy, Internet regulation in a global society, property-rights issues related to file-sharing programs, the limits of privacy in an online setting, and issues related to the regulation of spam. (U1) Prerequisite: junior or senior standing.  

216. Intersection of Culture and Healthcare. (Also Nursing 216) In this course the student will develop an understanding of health, illness, and the meanings of these concepts for members of non-western socio-cultural populations. Topics include culturally bound practices; the impact on healthcare practices and decision-making; structures that promote access to healthcare and structures that impede access. The concept of delivering culturally competent care will be examined and strategies for promoting competence will be explored. (M5)                                                             

217. From Ape to Madonna: The Evolution of Humankind. Addresses the historical and comparative evolution of our species. Using the approaches of evolutionary biology, physical anthropology, and archaeology, this course traces human physical evolution and cultural development from its earliest beginning, more than five million years ago, to about 15,000 years ago, just before the beginnings of plant and animal domestication and the rise of complex societies. Special attention paid to the impact that evolutionary ideas have had on social, political, and educational issues in American life. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing. (U1)

218. Brain Sex. (Also Neuroscience 218) In considering sex differences in the brain, a number of questions arise. Do biological factors, such as sex hormones, influence our sexual fate after our genetic information is established? Do biological factors make women more nurturing or men more aggressive? Do these same factors explain differences in sexual orientation? This course explores how scientists from a variety of disciplines attempt to provide answers to these questions that may have critical implications for understanding the social roles of men and women in today’s society as well as the different educational and emotional issues that face males and females. Empirical investigations and scientific theories from neurobiology, psychology, sociology and endocrinology that claim to explain gender differences are examined. (U1) 

220. The Holocaust. (Also History 220) Discusses the persecution and mass killing of European Jews by Nazi Germany. Describes anti-Semitism in historical context and explores the complexities of ultimate moral choices by asking how a cultured civilization produced mass killers and an educated class went unprotesting to its extermination. Students will explore the experience of those who were sent to the camps, how they constructed a kind of everyday life, and how gender influenced their experience. Finally, we study how and why the world outside Germany—foreign governments, intellectuals, religious and humanitarian groups—reacted to or failed to confront the Holocaust. Prerequisite: Junior or senior class standing. (U2) 

222. African Art. (Also Art 222) Students will develop an aesthetic and cultural overview of African art, from prehistory to the present day. Sculpture is the primary medium studied in the course, but textiles, painting, artisanal works and architecture are also included. Students will consider how religion and cultural influences affect the development of regional and national styles. The influence of the African diaspora on art in Europe, Latin America, and the United States will be considered. Students will acquire the critical vocabulary required to analyze and interpret African art, and apply it in both discussion and writing. (M5)

228. Telling and Selling Your Brand: The Art of the Story. (Also Management 228) The use of mythology, archetypes, and storytelling to create a cohesive and compelling identity for an organization. Focus on how legendary organizations have built trust and created iconic brands by understanding and applying these principles. The use of symbolism (visual and mental) and metaphor to create a theme that is enduring, powerful, and integrated throughout the organization. Ways that organizations and people can develop deep and lasting relationships with their customers and other stakeholders through the understanding and application of these storytelling techniques. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or higher.

250. Moral Marketing. (Also Management 250) How the ideas of tzedek ("justice") and charity ("love") apply to marketing to the world's poorest people (those living on less than $2 a day). Examination of three different perspectives of social justice: Jewish, Christian, and American secular traditions. Each of these three perspectives has unique traditions regarding the role of the individual and the community, and the obligation towards helping those less fortunate. Discussion of differences between morality and ethics based on these three perspectives, as well as approaches to social justice as an obligation, an act of love, or a practical solution. Needs of the poor in emerging nations and how products could be created and distributed in these emerging nations in accordance with these different ethical and moral perspectives. (U2) Prerequisite: junior or senior standing.          

251. Human Sexuality. (Also Sociology 251) The physical, psychological, relational, and socio-cultural aspects of sexuality influence humans from before birth through death. This course will increase students' understandings of lifespan human sexuality; engage them in critical thinking about sexuality in the context of culture; help them identify and critique their sexual values, attitudes and morals; and enable students to make relational and sexual decisions in keeping with their values. Prerequisite: Junior or senior class standing. (U2) 

256. Social Controversies. (Also Sociology 256) Ethical concerns associated with traditional and contemporary social issues. Assessment of moral arguments based upon individual beliefs as well as those promoted by traditional philosophy. Encourages exploration of students' own philosophies in the context of everyday life. Prerequisite: Sociology 115; junior or senior standing. (U2) 

259. Sport and Its Cultural Legacy. A critical examination of the changing relationship between sport and culture, particularly as it pertains to Western sport. The course will include an historical overview of sport as cultural marker and its resultant industries before moving toward a range of specific socio-political dimensions, including issues of inequality, labor, marketing, and socialization schemes, paying particular attention to the narratives expressed through various media forms. Writing-intensive.

261. Prophets of Doom and Gloom? Science Fiction, Science Fact, and the Contemporary World. (Also English 261) Creators of science fiction often present dire warnings about the world to come in which science has subverted human values. By studying important developments in science and technology and significant works of science fiction, we can comprehend the nature of these warnings and attempt to formulate a civilized response to the dehumanizing forces afflicting the contemporary world. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing. (U1)

262. Literature and the Way We Live. (Also English 262) This course considers such moral issues as the environment; identity, duties to kin; love, marriage and sex; racism and sexism; as posed within a variety of world literature that includes short stories, novels, poetry, and drama, ranging from the era of Sophocles' Antigone to the present. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing. (U2)

263.  Civil Rights and the Moral Life. (Also Religion 263) Many forces and ideas shaped the civil rights movement. Through both a historical and a theological/philosophical lens, students will examine those forces and ideas and will consider how the power and depth of the movement continues to challenge us with its continued relevance today. The course includes in-close examinations of key events in the movement, such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the Nashville sit-ins, in order to view the movement from the vantage of people involved in the movement. (U2)

301. The Social Impact of Genetic Information. A course designed for students to explore issues related to the applications of genetic sequencing. Topics include medical, legal, and ethical implications of decisions about the use of genetic information on themselves and on society. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing. F4 course recommended. (U1)

310. "Doing Good" at Work. (Also Management 310) "Doing good" is philanthropy, ethical codes of conduct, voluntarism, social responsibility, and environmental stewardship. Not only is "doing good" at work the morally correct thing to do for the individual employee, but the more individuals in the organization who "do good," the more likely the organization will succeed on economic, social, and mission-related levels and goals. Students will learn about the philosophy, history and practice of "doing good" at work, and integrate what they have learned and what they believe to develop their own model for "doing good" that they can work and live with. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing. (U2)

320.2. Writing in Science Education. Topical writing for various audiences in science education, including students, parents, colleagues, administrators, editors of professional journals, and review committees of funding agencies. Topics involve contemporary issues in science and/or science education. For general science teacher education students in the elementary and secondary programs only. Writing-intensive. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing.

325. Evolution, Culture, and the Origins of Behavior. Evolutionary theory and cultural accounts explaining the origins of human behavior are gaining in popularity. Evolution refers to biological and genetic processes, including inherited traits. Culture entails complex external social forces that affect societies and are often perpetuated by them. Does biology dominate culture? Does culture override biology? Or does the interaction between the two create behavior? We will critically examine various explanations of human behavior. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing. (U1)Dunn

350. Media Technology and Society. (Also Sociology 350) Technological development and implications of mass-media forms. Students will analyze mass media as a social force that shapes personal and collective ideas and behaviors in the modern world. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing. (U1)

358. Segregation in America: The Legacy of Jim Crow. (Also Sociology 358) A more grounded approach for tracing and interpreting the wide reach of legalized and enforced segregation in American life focusing primarily on the post-bellum period of the 19th century through the civil rights struggles of the 1960s and 1970s. Looks past many of the more commonly understood (and misinterpreted) elements of the so-called Jim Crow edifice by looking at all regions of the country during this period in a more comparative frame. Examines the social, historical, economic, and political forces that fueled the construction of segregation then while attempting to make sense of discussions relative to race, class, and power in America today. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing. (U2)

372. Developmental Implications of Medical Technologies. (Also Psychology 372) Explores implications of recent medical advances. Topics to be explored include: assisted reproductive technologies, genetic testing, premature and low-birth-weight infants, performance-enhancing drugs, sex selection, and euthanasia. Students will be provided with an overview of the medical technologies in question and will explore ways in which individuals, families, and society are socially, emotionally, morally, legally, and economically affected by these advances. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing. (U1)

373. Contemporary Work-Life Challenges. (Also Psychology 373) This course will explore the emerging theories and controversial issues regarding the relationship between work, family, and other life roles. Both the employee and employer perspective will be discussed within an organizational context, and from various moral perspectives. Students will also consider and react to the psychological adjustment and decision-making issues posed by the impact of work on one's family and life roles, and vice versa. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing. (U2)

385. Peace and Justice-Making Praxis.  Students develop a “hands on” learning experience in the community with an emphasis on justice and peace-building that suits the particular design of their educational direction in the minor.  Faculty mentors guide students’ choices of additional study materials, participation in the “Vocational Reflection Circle” and additional memoir chapters.   

Interdisciplinary Majors for Middle Level Teacher Certification

Elementary General Science
The interdisciplinary major in elementary general science for middle level teacher certification consists of nine and a half course units, including Biology 100, 112, or 119; Biology 107 or Environmental Studies 112; Chemistry 108 or 113; Physics 109 or 111 (the pre-requisite for either is Mathematics 170); two courses chosen from Earth Science 110, 120, or 130; three science electives; and the writing intensive course IDIS  320.2.

Historical Studies
The interdisciplinary major in historical studies for middle level teacher certification consists of eleven course units, including History 112 or 116; History 113 or 114; one 100-level history course focusing on an area outside Europe or the United States; History 270 (writing intensive); two additional history courses at the 200 level and two at the 300 level, to include at least one course each in United States history, European history, and history of an area outside Europe and the United States; Political Science 110; Political Science115 or 125 or a political science course in an international topic, chosen in consultation with an advisor; and Interdisciplinary Studies 110.

Mathematics and Elementary General Science
The interdisciplinary major in mathematics and elementary general science for middle level teacher certification consists of twelve course units, including Mathematics 170, 171, 211 or higher, 216 (writing intensive), 220, and 340; Biology 100, 112, or 119; Biology 107 or Environmental Studies 112; Chemistry 108 or 113; Physics 109 or 111; and two courses chosen from Earth Science 110, 120, or 130.

Mathematics and English
The interdisciplinary major in mathematics and English for middle level teacher certification consists of twelve course units, including Mathematics 170, 171, 211 or higher, 216 (writing intensive), 220, and 340; Education 131; English 211 or 212 (writing intensive); English 221; English 225 (writing intensive); and two courses in English numbered 200 or above, one of which must also satisfy the U1 or U2 LinC requirement. 

Elementary General Science and English 
The interdisciplinary major in elementary general science and English for middle level teacher certification consists of twelve courses, including Biology 100, 112, or 119; Biology 107 or Environmental Studies 112; Chemistry 108 or 113; Physics 109 or 111; two courses chosen from Earth Science 110, 120, or 130; Education 131; English 211 or 212 (writing intensive); English 221; English 225 (writing intensive); and two courses in English numbered 200 or above, one of which must also satisfy the U1 or U2 LinC requirement. 

Interdisciplinary Minors

Africana Studies

The Africana studies minor is an interdisciplinary and consortial program which provides students an opportunity to explore the experiences of the peoples of sub-Saharan Africa and the African diaspora. The starting point is black Africa from ancient times until the present and extends to the global experiences of peoples of black African descent. This program could be of interest to students inclined toward careers in multidisciplinary education, social work, law, international affairs, business, diplomacy, non-governmental organizations, urban development, and social policy, among others.

The Africana studies minor at Moravian consists of five course units focusing on the black experience including Africana Studies 110 and at least two upper level courses, one of which must be at the 300 level. Qualified students are encouraged to enroll in an Independent Study for one of the four elective courses.

Moravian College offers Africana Studies 110 and electives, including the following courses: English 105 and 240, Foreign Language 116, Spanish 215 and 358, History 110 and 111, Interdisciplinary Studies 358, Music 113 and 115, and Sociology 258, 266, 357, and 358. Africana courses, including special topics courses, will be marked as Africana studies courses at each registration period.
In addition, each term the Africana Studies Consortium of the Lehigh Valley Association of Independent Colleges (LVAIC) will publish a list of Africana studies courses offered at nearby LVAIC institutions so that students can cross-register for a wide variety of courses. This list will be available from the registrar and the Africana studies coordinator. Each institution offers the basic Introduction to Africana Studies course. Other courses are offered regularly at other LVAIC institutions.

110. Introduction to Africana Studies. (Also Sociology 110) This course explores the significance of Africa and its global descendants through an interdisciplinary approach. The critical methodologies of the humanities and social sciences will be used to consider some of the questions provoked by African and African diasporan experiences. For example, is an African diaspora an objective reality or has it existed solely in response to American and European notions of racial difference? What have been the characteristics encompassed by that reality or those notions of race? Course materials will allow students to survey the lasting contributions of Africans and their descendants to the development of various world civilizations. 

190-199, 290-299, 390-399. Special Topics. An investigation of selected interdisciplinary topics in Africana studies. Prerequisite: Africana Studies 110 or permission of the instructor. Staff

286, 381-384. Independent Study. Individual study of an Africana studies topic in areas where the student has demonstrated the interest and ability needed for independent work. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor and program coordinator. Staff

288, 386-388. Internship.

400-401. Honors.

The Minor in Informatics

Informatics is the application of computing skills, statistical methods, and domain knowledge to obtain and analyze data in order to make decisions about organizations and society.

The minor in informatics consists of five courses: CSCI 120​; CSCI 265​; one course in statistical reasoning (MATH 107​, HLTP 189​, ECON 156​, or MATH 231​); one course in ethics (NURS 360​, IDIS 215, or a PHIL course with “Ethics” in the title​); and one course in applications (HLTP 230​, MGMT 311​, BIOL 363,​ ECON 256​). Other courses in statistical reasoning, ethics, or applications may be accepted with approval of the program director.

International Studies

Advisor: Jean-Pierre Lalande

The international studies minor is an interdisciplinary program designed to advance appreciation and understanding of the diversity of the world through an emphasis on the humanities and social sciences. The program seeks to generate an appreciation for the interconnected nature of our world, to increase awareness and interest in world cultures and issues, to encourage international study and travel, and to offer students an opportunity to add a global perspective to their major area of study. To achieve these goals, the minor in international studies consists of five course units and a significant experience abroad.

The study-abroad experience may be completed in one of the following ways:

  • One fall or spring term abroad, in which case some of the coursework taken abroad also may count toward the international studies minor, or
  • One four- to six-week international program during the summer, or
  • Two international travel courses such as those offered at Moravian College during May Term.

In the second and third options, some credits earned during the travel experience may count toward the international studies minor. Consult with the program advisor before traveling.

The minor requires Political Science 115. (Political science majors pursuing a minor in international studies must substitute Interdisciplinary 110.) Two course units in the humanities and two additional course units in the social sciences must be taken to complete the minor. No more than two courses may be taken in a single department, and students must complete at least two course units at the 200 level or higher. Courses currently approved as part of the international studies minor include but are not limited to:

Art 113 Global Perspectives in Art History to the Renaissance
Biology 209 Humankind and the Global Ecosystem
Economics 236* International Economics
English 240 Post-Colonial Literature
French 220 Modern France and Its Cultural Heritage
German 220 Modern Germany and Its Cultural Heritage
History 111 Modern Latin America
History 112 How Was Hitler Possible? War, Society, and Culture in Europe Since 1500.
History 115 History of Africa.
History 255 The United States and Latin America: History of Their Relations
Interdisciplinary 110 World Geography and Global Issues
Interdisciplinary 214 Immigration, Exile and Internal Displacement in Latin American and Latino Literature
Management 333 International Issues in Management
Music 113 Introduction to Non-Western Music
Music 175.2 Musics of the World
Political Science 125 Introduction to Comparative Politics
Political Science 235 Contemporary European Politics
Political Science 245 Topics in Politics of the Third World
Political Science 327 Topics in Comparative Politics
Political Science 347 Topics in Comparative Politics
Political Science 348 Topics in Chinese Politics
Religion 122 Eastern Religious Traditions
Religion 123 Religions of India
Religion 124 Religious Thought of China and Japan
Sociology 113 Cultural Anthropology
Sociology 268 Communities and Conflict in India
Spanish 246 Culture and Civilization of Spain
Spanish 248 Latin American Contemporary Culture
* Economics 152 is a prerequisite; students completing both Economics 152 and 236 may count both courses toward the international studies minor.


Media Studies

Coordinators: Joel Nathan Rosen, Debra Wetcher-Hendricks, and Gary Kaskowitz

The interdisciplinary Media Studies minor combines courses from a variety of disciplines to provide students with knowledge and familiarity about the public’s use of and responses to mass communication. Courses promote critical thought about the impact that media has upon culture, including aspects of individual and community behavior, law, economics, history, politics, technology, and public appeal. Students can focus their attention either on Mass Media or on Media Marketing. Regardless of the track that they choose, students must attain a minimum GPA of 2.00 in five designated courses to complete the minor.

Each track consists of three required courses and two minor elective courses. Human Communications serves as the introductory course and Communications in Practice serves as the capstone course for both tracks.

Requirements and electives for each track are listed below.


Required courses:

  • Communications 111 Human Communications
  • English 290-299 One special topics course in rhetoric approved by the English Department for this requirement
  • Communications 370 Communications in Practice

Elective courses:
Choice of two listed below. Only one may be a 100-level course.

  • Art 131 Introduction to Graphic Design 
  • English 230 Public Speaking
  • English 312 News and Feature Writing (or equivalent)
  • Political Science 130 The First Amendment
  • Political Science 330 Politics and Popular Culture
  • Sociology 115 Introductory Sociology (M4)
  • Sociology/Interdisciplinary 350 Media Technology and Society (U1)
  • Communications 190-99, 290-99, 390-99 Special Topics
  • Communications 286, 381-384 Independent Study
  • Communications 400-401 Honors


Required courses:

  • Communications 111 Human Communications
  • Management 251 Marketing Management
  • Communications 370 Communications in Practice

Elective courses:
Choice of two listed below. Only one may be a 100-level course.

  • Art 131 Introduction to Graphic Design 
  • English 230 Public Speaking
  • History 237 Popular Culture in Medieval and Early Modern Europe
  • Management 227 Consumer Behavior
  • Management 228 Telling and Selling Your Brand
  • Management 311 Marketing Research (WI)
  • Sociology 113 Cultural Anthropology (M4)
  • Communications 190-99, 290-99, 390-99 Special Topics
  • Communications 286, 381-384 Independent Study
  • Communications 400-401 Honors

111. Human Communications. (Also Sociology 111) This course focuses upon the functions and processes of communication as well as the various communication techniques used in modern society. Students explore basic theories and examine the characteristics and social effects of verbal and non-verbal human interaction. Application of theoretical concepts include observation and analysis of communication methods used in interpersonal, group, and media forums.

370. Communications in Practice. Students shadow employees and participate, when requested, in the operations of a local marketing or mass media agency (or the marketing or public relations department of a large organization) for two hours each week.  Through this experience, students become familiar with the media industry. The course also includes two 50-minute classroom sessions per week as well as presentations and written work that demonstrate recognition of principles applied in professional settings.

190-99, 290-99, 390-99. Special Topics.

286, 381-384. Independent Study.

400-401. Honors.


Medieval Studies

Coordinator: John Black

The medieval studies minor is an interdisciplinary program that examines the art, history, literature, music, and philosophy of the middle ages (c.500 CE to c.1500 CE). The program seeks to increase students' knowledge of the middle ages and appreciation for the ways in which medievalists draw on interdisciplinary methodologies and sources. Courses taken as part of study abroad may work well within this minor. If you are interested in pursuing the medieval studies minor, please contact Dr. John Black, coordinator of the medieval studies minor.

The requirements for the medieval studies minor consist of five course units: two core courses, two electives, and the capstone. Students must take courses in at least three disciplines; in other words, at least one of the two elective courses must come from a discipline outside of English or history. Medieval Studies 370 is the capstone course for the minor. As for all independent study courses, students must have a QPA of at least 2.70 to enroll. The minor requirements cannot be fulfilled without successful completion of the capstone course.

Core (two courses): History 116 (Medieval Europe) and either English 350 (Chaucer) or 355 (Literature and Culture of Medieval Britain) or English 104 (Experience of Literature: Medieval Voices) [Note that there are multiple sections of English 104; ONLY this specific section, taught by Dr. Black, fulfills a requirement for the medieval studies minor.]

Electives (two courses): Selected from the list below. At least one of the two elective courses must come from a discipline outside of English or history.

Capstone (MDVL 370): see further below

List of elective courses:

Art 113 Global Perspectives in Art History to the Renaissance (M6)
English 104* Experience of Literature: Medieval Voices (M2) [Note that there are multiple sections of English 104; ONLY this specific section, taught by Dr. Black, fulfills a requirement for the medieval studies minor.]
English 350* Chaucer
English 355* Literature and Culture of Medieval Britain
History 117 England through the Reign of Elizabeth (M1)
History 119 Arab-Islamic Civilizations (M5)
History 237 Popular Culture in Medieval and Early Modern Europe
History 238 Women in Europe, 500-1700
History 376 Medieval Peasants
Music 281 Western Music to 1750
Philosophy 243 Medieval Philosophy
* Whichever is not selected as the required course above.

190-99, 290-99, 390-99. Special Topics. Selected interdisciplinary topics in medieval studies. Prerequisites: History 116; English 104 (see note attached to English 104 above), 350, or 355; and permission of instructor and program coordinator.     

370. Capstone in Medieval Studies. Intensive independent study and research in an area of medieval scholarship in which the student has demonstrated sufficient interest and ability. Content varies. The capstone project must draw explicitly on methodologies of more than one discipline. Prerequisites: History 116; English 104 (see note attached to English 104 above), 350, or 355; GPA of 2.70 or above; satisfactory completion of a writing-intensive course; and permission of instructor and program coordinator. 

286, 381-384. Independent Study. 

400-401. Honors.


Peace and Justice Studies

Advisors:  Kelly Denton-Borhaug and Daniel Jasper

The minor in religion, peace and justice is a multidisciplinary program whose objective is to encourage students to think critically and develop strategic responses that will promote positive transformation with regard to:

  • the nature and causes of violence and conflict;
  • racism, gender bias, inequity, degradation of the natural world, and other manifestations of human violence;
  • the nature of religious understandings, values and practices as contributing to conflict and violence and as a resource for  just peace-building;
  • the destructive power of war and militarism;
  • the sources, structures and dynamics of injustice and justice-making, and the values, experiences and bases of peace and justice; and
  • possibilities and strategies to encourage personal and collective transformation for the public good and individual human flourishing.

The minor consists of five course units:  Interdisciplinary 165 and 385, plus two courses from the first group listed below (Courses in Religion, Peace, and Justice) and one course from the second group (Structures and Ideas). In addition to the courses listed in the groups below, certain special topics courses may also be approved as choices in these groups. Interested students should check with the advisors for the minor. Ideally, Interdisciplinary 165 is taken before other courses in the minor.  No more than one course from the first group taken prior to Interdisciplinary 165 may count toward the minor. 

Courses in Religion, Peace, and Justice (2 courses required)
Students will choose two from among the following courses in the department of religion that focus on the nexus of religion, peace and justice.  Additional courses may be added to this list as they become available according to faculty interest and development:

Philosophy 250 Environmental Philosophy and Religion
Religion 210 Christian Ethics, War and Just Peacemaking
Religion 240 Jewish and Christian Feminism
Religion 245 Religion and Politics
Religion 246 War and Peace in the Biblical World
Religion 255 Liberation Theology with Travel Seminar
Religion/Interdisciplinary 263 Civil Rights and the Moral Life
Religion 370 The Problem of Evil
Sociology 268 Nation, Religion and Region in India

Structures and Ideas (1 course required)
Students choose one course in the applied analysis of peace and justice issues in specific social, political, economic, and cultural systems; and/or on how peace and justice are theorized. These courses may be changed and added to in accordance with faculty interest in this program.

Art 212 Artists as Activists
Education 160 Culture, Community, Diversity: Introduction to Cultural Diversity
English 263 Writing And/As Activism
English 344 Native American Literature
History 220 The Holocaust
History/Interdisciplinary 220 The Holocaust 
Interdisciplinary 104 Experience of Literature: War in the 20th and 21st centuries
Interdisciplinary 110  World Geography and Global Issues
Interdisciplinary 212 Artists as Activists
Interdisciplinary 214 Immigration, Exile and Internal Displacement in Latin American and Latino Literature
Philosophy/Women’s Studies 265 Feminist Philosophy
Political Science 115 International Politics
Political 120 Introduction to Political Thinking
Political Science 210 US Workers in the New Globalized Economy 
Political Science 245 Politics of the Third World
Political Science/Women’s Studies 257 Politics of Women’s Rights in Asia 
Political Science/Women’s Studies 260 Critical Gender Studies
Sociology 258 Structured Inequalities
Sociology 268 Nation, Religion & Region in India
Sociology/Interdisciplinary 358 Segregation in America: The Legacy of Jim Crow
Spanish 345 Agency, Citizenship and Identity in the Southern Cone

It is the student’s responsibility to ensure that he or she meets all course prerequisites before selecting courses from the above lists to complete the minor.


Women's, Gender and Sexuality Studies 

Coordinator: Jane Berger

The women's studies minor is an interdisciplinary program focused on the social, psychological, economic, artistic, historical, religious, and political breadth of women's experiences. Attention will be given to the diversity of women's lives and the intricate connections between race, class, sexual preference, and gender in culture and society.

The women's studies minor consists of five course units, including Women's Studies 101 and four electives. At least three of these four electives must come from the list of women's studies courses below. Students may, if they choose, take one of their four electives from the list of gender-related courses below. As with other minors, at least three courses must be taken at the 200 or 300 level.

German 341 Women in German Literature and Culture
History 238 Women in Europe 500-1700
Music 188 Women and Music
Philosophy 265 Feminist Philosophy
Political Science 257 Politics of Women's Rights in East Asia
Psychology 345 Psychology of Women
Religion 136 Seeing and Believing: Women, Religion, and Film
Religion 240 Jewish and Christian Feminism
Women's Studies 222 Women and Health
Women's Studies 190-199, 290-299, 390-399 Special Topics
Women's Studies 286, 381-384 Independent Study
Women's Studies 288, 386-388 Internship
Women's Studies 400-401 Honors
Gender-related courses (no more than one can count toward the minor)
Interdisciplinary 232 Ethical Issues in Reproductive Technology
Political Science 260 Critical Gender Studies
Sociology 310 The Family and the Law
Sociology 355 Sociology of Gender
Other women's studies courses may be counted toward the minor with the approval of the women's studies coordinator.

Students are encouraged to enroll in an Independent Study for one of the four electives. Students may also cross-register for women's studies courses at other LVAIC institutions.

101. Introduction to Women's Studies. Introduction to issues, topics, and methodologies of women's studies in a global context. Examines the lives of women around the globe in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, with particular attention to the Middle East, Africa, Latin America, Asia, and the West, focusing on gender inequality, feminist ethics, gender as a category of analysis, and social construction of gender. (M5)

136. Seeing and Believing: Women, Religion, and Film. (Also Religion 136) Students explore how films appropriate religion in the service of the cultural production of images of women and women's lives; and investigate the ways the creation and viewing of film might share similarities with the construction and practice of religion. (M3) 

188. Women and Music. (Also Music 188) Women composers and performers from various countries, historical eras, and musical genres. Prior musical knowledge helpful but not required. Fall. Two 70-minute periods. (M6) 

222. Women and Health. Introduction to feminist analysis of women's health issues. Historical trends in health and health care in relation to changing patterns in social position and roles of women. Ways in which lay, medical, and research assumptions about women have developed and influenced existing literature about women's health and structure of health services as they relate to women's health-care needs. Topics include reproductive health, mental health, chronic illnesses, lesbian health issues, women and aging, nutrition, occupational health hazards, sexuality, race and class health issues, eating disorders, and the women's health movement. 

232. Ethical Issues in Reproductive Biotechnology. (Also Interdisciplinary 232) Ethical and biological considerations for the individual, family, and society regarding recent technical procedures and diagnostic methods in reproductive biology. Topics include prenatal genetic diagnosis and treatment, assisted reproductive technologies, premature birth and associated medical concerns and treatments, birth-control methods, sex-selection technologies, and pregnancy- and birth-related technologies. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing. (U1) 

240. Jewish and Christian Feminism. (Also Women's Studies 240) Introduction to theological feminist theory, comparing and contrasting Jewish and Christian women theologians/ethicists on themes such as images of the divine, sacred text, halakhah, community, sexuality, ritual, etc. In addition, students will learn from the lives of women in our own community. (U2) 

257. Politics of Women's Rights in East Asia. (Also Political Science 257) Course explores the history and politics of women's rights in China, Japan, and Korea through readings, discussions, writing, interviews, videos, and debates. Focus will be on cultural and gender differences and the politics concerning women that emerge from the different written and visual sources covered. Writing-intensive. (M5) 

260. Critical Gender Studies. (Also Political Science 260) This advanced-level political theory course introduces students to scholarly texts, activist writings, and historical documents pertinent to feminist theory and masculinity studies. Selected readings also address multiculturalism, race, class, sexuality, religion, and ethnicity. Theories studied will vary by semester. This class exposes students to diverse approaches to the politics of sex and gender. Prerequisite: Political Science 120 or permission of the instructor. 

265. Feminist Philosophy. (Also Philosophy 265) Feminist writings on questions such as: How do the legacies of gender inequality persist today? What would gender justice look like? Is there such a thing as a gender-neutral point of view? How do gender, race, class, and sexuality relate? Prerequisite: one prior course in philosophy or women's studies, or permission of instructor. Fall, alternate years. (U2)

345. Psychology of Women. (Also Psychology 345) Research on gender differences and female gender development from various perspectives. Critical analysis of assumptions about human nature and science embedded in our approach to these issues. Interdisciplinary approach, with attention to biological, cognitive, behavioral, and social factors that influence emergence of gender. Topics include gender-role development, achievement and motivation, health issues, sexuality, adjustment, victimization, and minority-group issues. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing. 

355. Sociology of Gender. (Also Sociology 355) Relationships between biologically defined sex and culturally defined gender; analysis of expectations and limitations upon males and females in traditional and contemporary societies. Significant focus on inequality in social institutions, including family, workplace, and legal system, that reflect differences in sex and sexual orientation. Prerequisite: Sociology 258 or Women's Studies 101. Writing-intensive. 

190-199, 290-299, 390-399. Special Topics. Selected interdisciplinary topics in women's studies. Prerequisite: Women's Studies 101 or permission of instructor.

286, 381-384. Independent Study. Intensive study in an area in which the student has demonstrated the interest and ability needed for independent work. Prerequisite: permission of instructor and program coordinator.

288, 386-388. Internship. 

400-401. Honors.