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Chair: Professor Wetzel
Professors: Lipkis, Zerkle
Associate Professors: Binford
Assistant Professors of Practice in Music: Lutte, Kompass, Wieszczyk
Special Appointment: Spieth
Artist-Lecturers: Arnold, Baer, Bottomley, Brodt, Busfield, Clark, DeSantis, Doucette, Eyzerovich, Gairo, Giasullo, Gillespie, Goldberg, Goldina, Hockenberry, Hoffman, Huth, Kani, Kerssen, Kish, Kistler, Kozic, Martin, Mathiesen, Meehan, Montero, Morrison, Moyer, Oaten, Pisani, Riehl, Rostock, Roth, Schrempel, Seifert, Simons, Terlaak Poot, Thomson,Thompson, Torok, Watson, Weaver, Wilkins, Wittchen, Wright

Mission Statement

The Moravian University Music Department is a vital and integral part of the educational and cultural environment of Moravian University and the Lehigh Valley.  For the student majoring in music, we offer excellent, comprehensive, and personalized degree programs in music integrated with liberal arts studies.  For the student majoring in another field who wishes to study music, we offer a variety of courses designed to provide an appreciation and understanding of the creative process in music.  We also foster fulfilling musical encounters for the community through a wide selection of private and group instruction, performance in ensembles, courses, lectures, and concerts. 

Moravian University is an accredited institutional member of the National Association of Schools of Music.

Goal and Outcomes

Our curriculum and department strive to affirm the development of the whole student-intellectually, physically, emotionally, and ethically.  This goal is learning-centered rather than teaching-centered. Thus, each student will:  

  • demonstrate competency with fundamental musicianship skills, including sight-singing; solfège; rhythmic, melodic, and harmonic dictation
  • demonstrate proficiency in Western music theory, including standard principles of voice leading and part writing in diatonic and chromatic harmony and contemporary idioms
  • demonstrate an understanding of the major historical styles, epochs, and composers of Western music, from antiquity to the present
  • demonstrate growth as performers in both solo and ensemble situations
  • demonstrate an ability to improvise using a given set of parameters
  • demonstrate an understanding of the music from outside traditional Western studies and styles, and to draw connections to Western music
  • demonstrate an ability to write and speak intelligently about music
  • demonstrate an ability to synthesize various aspects of music study (theory, history, musicianship, performance) in both academic and performance venues, thereby demonstrating critical thinking and maturing into well-rounded performing musicians 
  • develop the capacity to evolve into self-sufficient and life-long learners in musical studies

Several degree programs are designed for individual needs. Students should consult the Moravian University Music Department Handbook for a detailed description of departmental requirements. Artistic talent and experience, musical and educational preparation, and vocational objectives are some factors affecting the choice. 

An interview-audition is required for admission to the music major. Specific audition requirements may be found on the Music Department website. The audition will include assessments in music theory, sight-singing, and keyboard proficiencies.

Prospective students should submit a music information form (available from the Admissions Office and the Music Department) and contact the department for an appointment. Audition dates for incoming students may be arranged by calling (610) 861-1650.

The Major in Music

The department offers two programs:

  • Bachelor of Arts—32 course units with these optional tracks:
       Technology and Audio Recording
       Pre-Music Therapy
  • Bachelor of Music—33 course units in one of the following areas:
       Music Education (33.75 course units)
       Performance (vocal, instrumental, jazz)
       Sacred Music

Learning in Common Requirements for Music Majors

Music majors in the Bachelor of Arts program must fulfill 6 of 8 Multidisciplinary and Upper-division categories in Learning in Common, of which at least one must be a U course. If the student opts to take an M6 course, the student must take an M6 outside the music department. Bachelor of Music degree students fulfill a modified set of Learning in Common requirements. Bachelor of Music students concentrating in music education complete F1, F2 (1.5 units), F3, F4, M2, M3 (EDUC 160) and one Upper-Division category. All other Bachelor of Music students are exempt from the Quantitative Reasoning (F2) requirement. In the Multidisciplinary categories, Bachelor of Music (non-music education) students are exempt from the Aesthetic Expression (M6) requirement, and they need to choose only two of the remaining five Multidisciplinary categories. They also must complete only one of the two Upper-Division category requirements.

Departmental Requirements

During the first semester, the course schedule in all programs is identical, allowing a student the opportunity to determine an area of emphasis, evaluate performance potential, and consider career preparation. 

  • MUS 165.2 Music of the Western World (first year, fall semester)
  • MUS 175.2 Musics of the World (first year, spring semester)
  • MUS 279.2 Baroque Music (prerequisite: MUS 165.2) (second year, fall semester, 1st 8 weeks)
    • Students with a classical concentration would take: MUS 278.2 Medieval and Renaissance Music (prerequisite: MUS 165.2) (second year, fall semester, last 8 weeks)
    • Students with a jazz concentration would take: MUS 253.2 Jazz History (prerequisite: MUS 165.2) (second year, fall semester, last 8 weeks)
  • MUS 283 Classical and Romantic Music  (second year, spring semester)
  • MUS 352.2 20th Century Music to 1945 (third year, fall semester)
  • MUS 354.2 Contemporary Music Since 1945 (third year, spring semester)

To complete the major, all Bachelor of Music students must complete MUS 136.1 and MUS 236.1. Additionally, all majors are required to perform in end-of-term juries on their major instrument or voice in every term in which they are enrolled in the performance unit. (A waiver is granted for student teachers.) In each fall and spring term, full-time music majors are required to attend 10 concerts and/or recitals and all performance classes. Music minors enrolled in Music 200.1-200 and student teachers are required to attend a combination of eight concerts, recitals, or performance classes.

  • The Bachelor of Arts with a major in music requires the theory and history core, Music Performance (six terms totaling at least three units), Music 140.2-141.2, 240.2-241.2, and 373 or a music elective. Total: 11 course units.
  • The Bachelor of Arts with major in music, track in pre-music therapyrequires the theory and history core, Music Performance (seven terms totaling at least three and one-half units), Music 140.2-141.2, 240.2-241.2, 322.2, 334.2, 340.2, and 342.2; and Psychology 120.  In addition, students in pre-music therapy must complete a full-unit music therapy experience, which may take the form of an internship or independent study. Consult with the advisor for details.  Total units:  15 units.
  • The Bachelor of Arts with a major in music, track in technology and audio recording, requires the theory and history core; Music Performance (six terms totaling at least three units); Music 140.2-141.2, 240.2-241.2; the audio recording array (Music 137.1, 218.2, 219.2, 366.1, 385.2); and Music 386. Total: 13.25 course units.
  • The Bachelor of Music in music education requires the theory and history core, Music Performance (eight terms, totaling at least five units); Music 130.1-132.1, 135.1-138.1, 140.2-141.2, 236.1, 240.2-241.2, 322.2, 334.2, 336.2, 340.2, 342.2, 374, and 375.2. Total: 17.25 course units. Additionally, the student must pass vocal and piano proficiency exams before student teaching. Education 100.2, 130, 160, 244, 367, 368, 375, 376, and 377 are required in the teacher education program. Students interested in teacher certification also should consult the music education professor of the Music Department.
  • The Bachelor of Music in composition, performance, or sacred music requires the theory and history core, Music Performance (eight terms totaling at least seven units), Music 130.1, 136.1, 137.1, 140.2-141.2, 240.2-241.2, 322.2, 334.2, 336.2, 340.2, 341.2, 342.2; 1.75 units selected from 356.1-364.2 (consult Music Department Handbook for distribution); Music 373; Music 375 or 385; and one elective. In addition, Music 375.2 is taken in the junior year. The sacred-music track substitutes Music 386 for Music 373. Total: 22.5 course units.

The Minor in Music

The minor in music consists of five course units: Music 140.2 and 141.2, Music 165.2 and 175.2, or 106; Performance (four terms totaling at least one unit), and two course units selected with the approval of a music advisor (those two course units cannot include lessons--MUS 200.1).

The Interdepartmental Major

The six course units of Set I of the interdepartmental major include Music 140.2, 141.2, 165.2, 171.2, 175.2, and Performance (three terms totaling at least 1.5 units). The other two music course units in Set I and the six course units in Set II are selected with the approval of the advisors.

The Minor in Dance

The minor in dance provides a historical, theoretical, and practical foundation for students interested in dance performance and dance composition.  In addition to studying the history of dance, students develop skills in dancing and dance composition, and they participate regularly in dance creation and performance. Participation in the Dance Company is by audition.  

Five course units are required: Dance Company (four terms totaling one unit); Four technique courses from the following courses: Ballet I, Ballet II, Musical Theater Dance Styles, Jazz, Modern I, Modern II, African Dance, Historical Dance, Improvisation (totaling one unit); Dance Composition (one unit); History of Dance (one unit); and one unit elective selected with the approval of a dance advisor.

Courses in Dance

DANC 110. History of Dance. This course is designed to expose students to dance as a fundamental form of human expression. The History of Dance presents an overview of the development of Western theatrical dance and introduces the major figures and movement theories of early dance history, ancient civilizations, the Middle Ages, Renaissance and the 16th-21st centuries. Varied forms of dance will be analyzed and discussed within a sociological, cultural, and historical framework.  Readings, discussions, lectures, and films will introduce selected choreographers and the concerns that inform their work.  Additional readings in dance philosophy and aesthetics will consider broader questions and address ideas such as form, expression, virtuosity, technique, the body as an expressive instrument, audience expectations, and performance conventions.  This course will aid in students understanding of dance as an art form. Prerequisite: None. (M6)

DANC 120. Dance Company. Participation in the dance company requires an audition. Once accepted, students will attend weekly dance technique classes, attend master classes/dance performances and participate in rehearsals/performances leading up to a dance concert in the spring. Students earn ½ unit after two semesters (one academic year) and a full unit after four semesters (two academic years). A written reflection paper will be required to receive credit towards the M6.  Prerequisite: None.

DANC 120.1. Musical Theater Dance Styles. A technique course in which a variety of basic techniques in musical theater are examined, including basic jazz, ballet, tap, lyrical, contemporary and modern.  Students will study stylistic interpretations of prominent musical theater choreographers, and review dance/theater etiquette, safety and health, the audition, process, and the history of musical theater dance. Prerequisite: None.

DANC 121. Dance Company. Participation in the dance company requires an audition. Once accepted, students will attend weekly dance technique classes, attend master classes/dance performances and participate in rehearsals/performances leading up to a dance concert in the spring. Students earn ½ unit after two semesters (one academic year) and a full unit after four semesters (two academic years).  Prerequisite: None.

DANC 130.1. Ballet I. Designed to introduce the student to the study of classical ballet.  The course will include active participation in barre work, center work, and traveling ballet exercises and combinations.  The course also introduces the history of ballet as an art form.  Also introduced are the fundamentals of ballet performance critique; an emphasis on technical proficiency and movement vocabulary will be stressed. Prerequisite: None.

DANC 135.1. Jazz Dance. Designed to introduce the student to the study of jazz dance.  Students will learn and execute the fundamentals of jazz dance and learn the history of the genre of jazz as an art form.  Fundamentals of jazz performance critique are introduced; an emphasis on technical proficiency and movement vocabulary will be stressed. Prerequisite: None.

DANC 140.1. Modern I. Designed to introduce the student to the principles of modern dance techniques.  The course will include active participate in center work, movement across the floor, and proper alignment.  Incorporated in this course is the study of modern dance history. Prerequisite: None.

DANC 150.1. African Dance. The African Dance course will introduce and explore dance forms from the continent of Africa, primarily West Africa.  The class works through artistic process, practice, performance, and related activities (observation, lecture, and discussion), using dance and music rooted in African tradition and contemporary African aesthetics. Vigorous movement classes will focus on rhythm, songs, and culture along with dance choreographies traditionally performed for cultural occasions.  Social, political, cultural and religious context will inform students learning, understanding, and appreciation of the diverse values of movement.  Prerequisite: None.

DANC 155. Historical Dance. This course will introduce the basic dances of the Renaissance and Baroque period (1400-1750). Dancing was an important social activity during the Renaissance, in both court and country, and formed the basis for Baroque dance. The great innovations in dance in the 17th century originated at the French court under Louis XIV. This is our first clear ancestor of classical ballet. Dance of this time was used at social events, and also in court ballets and public theaters and operas. Prerequisite: None.

DANC 160.1. Improvisation. This course provides the student opportunities to explore the processes of discovering, creating, and performing movement spontaneously.  Class time within the studio will expand one’s range of expression through elements of: modern dance, sound and movement improvisation, contact improvisation and theatre studies in the movement aspects of time, space, energy, and dynamics. Prerequisite: None.

DANC 230.1. Ballet II. This course will focus on laying the foundation for understanding and working deeply within the dancer’s body through proper technique, class approach and energy. The course will include active participation in barre work, center work, and traveling ballet exercises and combinations. The course also will be a continued study of the genre of ballet as an art form.  The fundamentals of ballet performance critique, an emphasis on technical proficiency and Classical Ballet vocabulary will be stressed. Prerequisite: DANC 130.1.

DANC 240.1. Modern II. A continuation of the foundational material established in Modern I while providing students with the information and the tools needed to extend: technique, skills and performance quality. Each student will be expected to engage in comprehensive and ongoing movement research, concert viewing, readings, discussions, and reflective writing assignments. Modern II will also incorporate more challenging movement studies, individual and group improvisations, movement projects, and dance viewing to acquaint students with a range of modern dance styles within a cultural and historical context.  Breath, balance, body connectivity, use of the floor, basic inversions, as well as the scientific and anatomical principles of dance technique will be emphasized and utilized within Modern II.  Students will be asked to investigate and explore their own mental, physical, and emotional nature in relation to dance and their dancing, so as to inform and expand their capabilities as a dancer and artist.  These investigations will also aid in developing awareness of students own body capabilities and expressiveness through self-exploration. Prerequisite: DANC 140.1.

DANC 250. Hip Hop Dance Culture. Hip Hop Dance Culture will expose students to the different families of Hip Hop and how the culture expresses its evolution through movement from Breaking to Stepping integrating this development within social dance forms and in dance halls.  Hip Hop Dance Culture is a participatory movement course that will allow students to identify with the culture, its growth, and influences around the world. Course discussions will integrate specific global issuses addressing the oppression and appropriation of the African American, Latino American, other minorities and genders within their community through this expressive movement that unifies a society.  The physical movement learned throughout the course will relate directly to the African diaspora and its evolution within the American dance culture.  Course work will also integrate readings, written/video recording assignments, dance viewing and performance, class discussions, assessments, and critical analysis to further enhance students’ understanding and experience of Hip Hop through a historical framework and social/cultural context. Prerequisite: None. (M5)

DANC 260. Dance Composition. Dance Composition will acquaint students with the fundamental principles in structuring movement.  The course will explore movement invention with consideration of time, space and energy.  Students will investigate these ideas along with form, structure, design and dynamics in solo, duet, and group forms. Course work will integrate reading, writing, and critical analysis to further their understanding and experience of dance making. Prerequisite: DANC 001 or DANC 011.

DANC 190-199, 290-299, 390-399. Special Topics.
DANC 286, 381-383. Independent Study.
DANC 384. Independent Research.

DANC 288, 386-388. Internship.
DANC 400-401. Honors.

Courses in Music

Course descriptions are arranged in ascending numerical order within categories.

Music Courses Open to All Students

MUS 101. A Short Course in Theory. Introduction to the language of music; understanding elements of a score; hearing and writing rhythm, pitch, scales, and chords. (M6) 

MUS 106. Art of Music. Introduction to music of Western and non-Western cultures, explored through listening, analysis, composition, improvisation, and performance. (M6) 

MUS 108.2. Intro to Jazz Theory & Arranging. Introduction to Jazz Theory and Arranging is a ½ unit course that explores the basics of jazz music theory, composing and arranging. Students will take this course in conjunction with enrollment in the “Summer Jazz Camp @ Moravian.” Students need to be a music major or pass an audition to be enrolled in the course.

MUS 113. Introduction to Non-Western Music. Aspects of musical systems of Africa, India, China and Japan, Balinesia, and Islam; folk, court, religious, and contemporary music as related to individual cultural patterns. (M6) 

MUS 115. Jazz Artists and Eras. Jazz and 20th-century American popular music: ragtime, blues, Dixieland, swing, Tin Pan Alley, musical theater, Latin rhythms, bebop, cool jazz, progressive jazz, rock, and jazz-rock fusion. Two 70-minute periods. (M6) 

MUS 117. Music in the United States. Music and musical life in the United States from colonial times to the present, including traditional and popular styles. Two 70-minute periods. (M6) 

MUS 118.2.  Introduction to Jazz Recording and Technology. Introduction to Jazz Recording and Technology is a ½ unit course that explores the basics of recording techniques and music technology used in jazz. Students will take this course in conjunction with enrollment in the “Summer Jazz Camp @ Moravian.” Students need to be a music major or pass an audition to be enrolled in the course.

MUS 125. History of Musical Theater. History of Musical Theater provides a comprehensive study of musical theater from ancient Greece to current productions through analysis, reading, discussion, listening, and experiencing musical theater performances. Students will explore the elements of musicals including music and lyrics, book/libretto, choreography, staging, sets, costumes, and technical aspects. Students will examine the societies, historical backgrounds, and participate in creative projects related to musical theater productions.  (M6) 

MUS 176. Music and the Social Conscience. This course examines how music reflects and impacts the social conscience of societies worldwide.  Areas of concentration include media and social media; music that defines nations; revolution; social conscience and music; music and refugees; censorship; tradition and religion in conflict with music production; music and politics; and the role of music in global societies. (M5) 

MUS 188. Women and Music. (Also WGSS 188) Women composers and performers from various countries, historical eras, and musical genres. Prior musical knowledge helpful but not required. (M6) 

MUS 220. Introduction to Music TherapyThis course explores how music therapy is used to effect positive change in the human experience. This highly interactive course presents an overview of therapeutic approaches, the clinical responsibilities of a music therapist, the populations served, and techniques of musical intervention. Prerequisite: previous experience in music performance (piano, guitar, and voice) is encouraged. Sophomore or higher standing.

Courses in Musical Techniques

For music majors only. Permission of department chair required.

MUS 130.1. Beginning Vocal Techniques. Basic instruction and methodology in singing and teaching voice; breathing, diction, tone quality, sight reading; vocal repertory. Two 50-minute periods. 

MUS 131.1. Beginning Brass Techniques. Basic instruction and methodology in playing, teaching, and caring for the trumpet and trombone in a music education program; French horn and tuba included. Prerequisite: Music 140.2. Two 50-minute periods. 

MUS 132.1. Beginning Woodwind Techniques. Basic instruction and methodology in playing and caring for the flute, clarinet, oboe, and saxophone; bassoon also included. Prerequisite: Music 140.2. Two 50-minute periods. 

MUS 135.1. Beginning Percussion Techniques. Basic instruction and methodology in playing, teaching, and caring for percussion instruments in a music education program. Prerequisite: Music 140.2. Two 50-minute periods. 

MUS 136.1. Beginning Piano Techniques. Playing, keyboard harmony, and functional accompanying. Prerequisite: Music 140.2. Two 50-minute periods. 

MUS 236.1. Piano Techniques II. Students in Piano Tech II will learn to play minor scales (with appropriate fingerings), cadences in all 12 keys, and perform basic piano repertoire. Use of the damper pedal, basic accompanying, and improvisation will also be part of the course content. Prerequisite: Music 136.1. 

MUS 137.1. Beginning Music Technology Techniques. Introduction to electronic music tools: computers, audio- and videotape systems, MIDI instruments, and word-processing, database, composition, hypermedia, and sequencing software. Prerequisite: Music 140.2.

MUS 138.1. Beginning String Techniques. Basic teaching and methodology in playing and teaching strings in a music education program; includes violin, viola, cello, and bass. Important pedagogical methods and material (including Suzuki), forming and leading an elementary string ensemble; basic instrumental repair for strings. Prerequisite: Music 140.2. Two 50-minute periods. 

MUS 218.2 Introduction to Audio Recording. This course will introduce students to the basics of analog and digital recording. Prerequisite: Music 137.1. Spring.

MUS 219.2. Live and Studio Recording. This advanced, project-based studio-recording course involves recording live and studio performances. Prerequisite: 218.2. Fall.

Courses in Musicianship

For music majors only, or with permission of department chair.

These half-course units parallel theory instruction and develop techniques and skills in hearing, using solfège for sight-singing, keyboard harmony, score-reading, and dictation.

MUS 140.2. Musicianship I. Dictation of traditional melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic materials and using solfège for sight-singing. Fall. Two 50-minute periods. 

MUS 141.2. Musicianship II. Adds two-part dictation and clef-reading. Spring. Two 50-minute periods. 

MUS 240.2. Musicianship III. Adds three-part dictation, score-reading, keyboard progression; dictation of diatonic and chromatic chord progressions and modulations; figured bass. Fall. Two 50-minute periods. 

MUS 241.2. Musicianship IV. Sight-singing, including atonal, modal, and modulating melodies; four-part chorale dictation; and score-reading in clefs. Spring. Two 50-minute periods. 

MUS 341.2. Musicianship V. This course continues with the study of written and aural music skills, including score reading in clefs, advanced melodic and harmonic dictation, atonal, modulating, and modal melodies, advanced solfège, accompanying, advanced rhythm and meter, and conducting patterns. Fall. Two 50-minute periods. Prerequisite: Music 241.2 or permission of the instructor. 


For music majors only, or with permission of department chair. Fee charged for practica taken beyond degree requirements.

Professional courses are offered each term in practical application and procedures essential to composition, repertory, performance, careers, and cultural communication within the Bachelor of Music areas of emphasis. Bachelor of Music candidates should consult the Music Department Handbook for a detailed description of practicum requirements.

MUS 255.1, 255.2, 355.1, 355.2. Jazz Improvisation Practicum. In part I, the student will learn to improvise over basic jazz forms using major, minor and blues scales as well as seventh chords and their extensions. In part II, instrument-specific, studying historically-significant solos, compositions and recordings, with emphasis on harmonic, melodic and rhythmic transcriptions. Use of modal, hybrid, atonal and octatonic scales. Odd-time signatures, polytonal harmonies and structures of progressive jazz and fusion. Prerequisite for Part II is: Music 256.1 or 356.1 and signature of department chair. 

MUS 256.1, 256.2, 356.1, 356.2. Jazz Ear-Training Practicum. Aural identification and dictation of melodic, rhythmic and harmonic elements of jazz. The semester culminates in the transcribing of a jazz solo from a recording. Prerequisite: Music 241.2. 

MUS 257.1, 257.2, 357.1, 357.2. Diction Practicum. Proper pronunciation of English, French, German, Italian, Latin, Russian, and Spanish in singing. International Phonetic Alphabet. Basics of translation for foreign-language texts. One half unit (.50) required for all vocal performance majors. 

MUS 258.1, 258.2, 358.1, 358.2. Jazz Theory and Arranging Practicum. Analysis and composition of jazz tunes and chord progressions; instrumental and vocal arranging in the jazz idiom. Prerequisite: Chromatic Harmony (MUS 272.2) and Jazz Piano (taken as part of the performance unit).

MUS 259.1, 259.2, 359.1, 359.2. Concerto and Orchestral Repertory Practicum. For keyboard majors, standard concerto repertory and important keyboard parts for major orchestral works. For non-keyboard instrumental majors, standard orchestral repertory and excerpts; as time allows, major concerto repertory included. One half unit (.50) required of keyboard and instrumental performance majors. 

MUS 261.1, 262.2, 361.1, 361.2. Literature Practicum. Study of solo literature and solos or orchestral excerpts from large works for various instruments or voice. Also includes jazz history and literature. Instrumental literature practica also cover the history and development of the instrument. One half unit (.50) is required for the Bachelor of Music in performance for jazz performance majors. All other performance majors must take three quarter units (.75) of literature practica, including 20th-century literature as well as solo literature and repertoire from large works. See departmental handbook for detailed descriptions. 

MUS 262.1, 262.2, 362.1, 362.2. Pedagogy Practicum. Major treatises and methods of instrumental or vocal techniques and pedagogical issues. One half unit (.50) required for the Bachelor of Music in performance. One quarter unit (.25) is required of jazz performance majors. See departmental handbook for details.

MUS 263.1, 263.2, 363.1, 363.2. Composition Practicum. Topics in composition, including advanced orchestration, counterpoint, and composition seminar. One unit (1.0) required for the Bachelor of Music in composition.  See departmental handbook for details.

MUS 264.1, 264.2, 364.1, 364.2. Miscellaneous Practicum. Advanced musicianship, music therapy, musical theater, piano tuning, sacred music, modal counterpoint, and other areas of individual interest. See departmental handbook for details.

MUS 366.1. Advanced Technology for Composers. Introductions to the creative use of digital solutions for capturing, creating, editing and manipulating media. Compositional and improvisatory techniques, including sequencing, editing, sampling, MIDI and notational software utilizing current technologies. Prerequisite: MUS 137.1. 

Courses in Music Theory

For music majors only, or with permission of department chair.

MUS 171.2. Diatonic Harmony. Principles of tonal music explored through analysis and writing: voice-leading, chord progression, and procedures of formal analysis. Prerequisite: Music 140.2. Spring. Two 50-minute periods. 

MUS 272.2. Chromatic Harmony. Extension of diatonic harmony: secondary functions, modulations, modal mixture, augmented sixth chords, Neapolitan chords, other harmonic enrichments, and jazz theory. Prerequisite: Music 171.2. Fall. Two 50-minute periods. 

MUS 340.2. Form. Homophonic and polyphonic forms: binary, ternary, rondo, sonata, canon, fugue, invention, theme and variations. Prerequisite: Music 272.2. Fall. Two 50-minute periods. 

Courses in Conducting and Orchestration

For music majors only, or with permission of department chair.

MUS 334.2. Introduction to Conducting. Instrumental and choral repertory: interpretation, technical gestures, survey of graded ensemble literature, rehearsal techniques, programming, and organization. Prerequisite: Music 342.2. Spring. Two 70-minute periods. 

MUS 336.2. Conducting. Selection, analysis, rehearsal, and performance of instrumental and choral repertory. Topics include conducting skills, vocal techniques, choral diction, rehearsal techniques, and score-reading. Prerequisite: Music 334.2. Fall. Two 70-minute periods. 

MUS 342.2. Orchestration. Instrumental characteristics, nomenclature, and notation; simple orchestral and ensemble arranging. Prerequisite: Music 272.2. Fall. Two 50-minute periods. 

Courses in Music History

For music majors only, or with permission of department chair.

MUS 165.2. Music of the Western World. Overview of major historical styles from antiquity to the present, including basic music theory for analysis and composition of rounds, theme and variations, and 12-bar blues progressions. Various genres of music are studied to produce personal listening guides. Two 50-minute periods.

MUS 175.2. Musics of the World. Elements of music and its role in various non-Western cultures, including Africa, Japan, China, India, Vietnam, Egypt, Russia, Israel, Australia, Latin America, Native America. Music as related to other forms of art; instruments unique to each culture. Prerequisite: Music 165.2 Spring. Two 50-minute periods. 

MUS 253.2. Jazz History. A review of the major eras, styles, and artists of America’s art music: jazz. Students will listen to and analyze historically significant selections/recordings, and will study noted and celebrated jazz artists. Prerequisite: MUS 165.2. Offered in the fall. Two 70 minute periods twice a week for 8 weeks.

MUS 278.2. Medieval & Renaissance Music. Antiquity, Roman Catholic liturgical forms, secular vocal and instrumental music of England and the European continent; musical aftermath of the Protestant Reformation. Prerequisite: MUS 165.2. Offered in the fall. Two 70 minute periods twice a week for 8 weeks.

MUS 279.2. Music of the Baroque Period. The rise of the Baroque; origins of opera, music of the court and church, ascendancy of instrumental music. Prerequisite: Music 165.2. Fall. Two 70-minute periods for 8 weeks.

MUS 283. Classical and Romantic Music. Pre-classical style; Viennese classical style; early American music; Beethoven and his romantic heirs; programmatic music; nationalism; poetry and the art song; rise of chamber music and works for solo piano. Prerequisite: Music 279.2. Spring. Two 70-minute periods. Writing-intensive. 

MUS 352.2. Music of the 20th Century to 1945. Post-romanticism, expressionism, impressionism, neoclassicism, serial techniques, diverse currents in the United States, Europe, Russia, and Central and South America. Prerequisite: Music 283. Fall. Two 50-minute periods. 

MUS 354.2. Contemporary Music since 1945. Modern opera and ballet, new directions in sound, extensions of serialism, indeterminacy, minimalism, electronic and computer-generated music, post-modernism. Prerequisite: Music 352.2. Spring. Two 50-minute periods. 

Courses in Music Education

For music majors only. See also courses listed under Education.

MUS 374. Music Education Seminar. Theoretical and practical problems and issues that arise in teaching. Focus of discussion is on issues perceived to be relevant to all participants. Prerequisites: Education 367 and 368. Co-requisites: Education 375, 376, and 377; minimum 3.00 GPA. Spring. One 2-hour period. 

Courses in Special Areas of Music

For music majors only, or with permission of department chair.

MUS 322.2. Improvisation. Tactics and techniques used in playing and communicating in various kinds of music. Students will improvise vocally, rhythmically, and on their major instruments. Fall. Two 50-minute periods. 

MUS 365.1. Jazz Methods for Teachers. Preparation for teaching jazz. Topics include teaching jazz improvisation, administering a jazz education program, conducting jazz ensembles/choirs, scheduling rehearsals, choosing music, designing a concert program, and playing rhythm section instruments. Prerequisites: Music 241.2, 272.2, and 136.1. 

MUS 373. Seminar. Special topics in music history and theory; emphasis on analytic and research skills, music and the other arts. Subject matter varies. Juniors and seniors only. Spring. Two 70-minute periods. 

MUS 375 or 375.2. Recital. Preparation and performance of selected works. Program commentary on the music and editions used required; evaluation by faculty jury of artistry and technical competence. Bachelor of Music students in performance, composition, or sacred music register for a half-unit in the junior year and a full unit in the senior year. Bachelor of Music students in music education register for a half-unit. 

MUS 385 or 385.2. Project. Exploration of an aspect of composition, theory, or history; public presentation of lecture, seminar, or performance. Repeatable. Spring. 

MUS 190-199, 290-299, 390-399. Special Topics.
MUS 286, 381-383. Independent Study.
MUS 384. Independent Research.

MUS 288, 386-388. Internship.
MUS 400-401. Honors.

Courses in Performance

Music majors, minors, and interdepartmental majors must consult the Music Department Handbook for performance (including ensemble) requirements and grading.

Private Lessons

The department offers private instruction in:

  • Bagpipe
  • Brass
  • Celtic fiddle
  • Composition
  • Conducting
  • Electric bass
  • Guitar (classical or jazz)
  • Harpsichord
  • Jazz performance
  • Organ
  • Percussion or Drum Set
  • Piano (classical or jazz)
  • Recorder
  • Strings
  • Theory
  • Viola da gamba
  • Voice
  • Woodwinds

Courses in Performance and Ensembles

Music majors enrolled in required terms of music performance (the actual course number and credit varies) take weekly lessons in the major instrument or voice, perform an end-of-term jury, attend ten (10) University-sponsored concerts and/or recitals per term, attend all Tuesday morning performance classes, and perform in a large ensemble. The guidelines for ensemble requirements can be found in the Music Department Handbook. (Students enrolled in Music 314, 314.1, 314.2, 314.3, 315, 315.1, 315.2, or 315.3 meet the same requirements, but the jury, performance class, and concert attendance requirements are waived.) Composition and sacred music majors will participate in the large ensemble that corresponds to their major performance area. A suitable ensemble placement, based on instrumentation and student's curricular needs, will be determined by the director of instrumental music or director of choral activities. Except for the first term of enrollment, the first term with a new private lesson instructor, and during student teaching, students also participate in one performance class per semester.

Music majors receive a letter grade that combines the major lesson grade, any secondary lesson grade(s), the large ensemble grade, any chamber ensemble grade(s), the jury grade, performance class grade (when required), and performance class and recital attendance.

Music minors receive lesson grades. Attendance at a number of performances is required (see departmental handbook). Non-majors take lessons for a pass/fail grade. 


Course credit is granted for membership in Choir, Orchestra, Dance Company, Marching Band, and Wind Ensemble. Auditions are scheduled in the fall of each year or at other times by appointment. Ensemble participation is part of the performance credit and grade for the major. For music minors and other non-majors, a half-unit of credit is given after four terms of participation and a second half-unit of credit after six terms of participation. For DANC 001 or DANC 011, a half-unit of credit is given after two semesters (one academic year) and a full unit after four semesters (two academic years). The four semesters of DANC 011 (with written reflection papers) earns 1 full unit meeting the M6 LinC requirement. No more than one unit may be counted toward degree requirements by non-majors; additional ensemble activity is recorded without credit notation. LinC credit is available for some ensembles; six terms of participation are required. Additional assignments are required for LinC credit.