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General Science Education (Grades 7-12)

The mission of the secondary General Science program is to prepare professionals who understand that pedagogical choices grow from a deep understanding of the disciplinary knowledge for each area of the sciences they are allowed to teach in relation to a consideration of the unique needs of learners being taught. That consideration honors the diverse nature of students in the classroom and grows from an understanding of the community being served. Starting with this pedagogical-content knowledge, candidates construct standards-based plans that are grounded in a study of best practice as defined by research, models of excellence in the field, and creative contemplation. Such construction forms the foundation of a practice pushed forward by reflection, thoughtful revision, and dialogue with other professionals. Candidates understand that this practice grows throughout one's career. 


Professional Education Courses Required for Certification

 Recommended for Freshman Year, Spring

  • EDUC 100.2 Intro. to the Education of English Language Learners
  • EDUC 160 Culture, Community & Diversity: Intro. to Critical Pedagogy (Fall; 40 hour Stage 1&2 Field Exp./ fulfills M3) 

Recommended for Sophomore Year 

  • EDUC 230 Student Development & Instructional Design (40 hr Stage 1&2 Field Exp)
  • EDUC 244 Including Students with Disabilities (Spring or during Junior year)
  • EDUC 140.2 Computer Technology in the Classroom 

Recommended for Junior Year 

  • EDUC 340 Reflective Teaching (offered Fall only; 40 hour Stage 3 Field Exp.) 

Recommended for Senior Year 

  • EDUC 364 Curriculum and Instruction in Science (offered Fall only; 110 hour Stage 3 Field Experience)
  • EDUC 375-7 Student Teaching
  • EDUC 378 Seminar in Secondary Student Teaching 


General Science major requirements in Science and Science-related areas 

Mathematics: (1 or 2 Courses) 

  • MATH 170 Analytic Geometry & Calculus I (may substitute equivalent Math 106 & 166) 

Biology and Environmental Science: (3 Courses) 

  • BIOL 111 Foundations of Biology or BIOL 112 General Zoology
  • BIOL 119 Introductory Botany
  • ENVR 110: Introduction to Environmental Studies or BIOL 360 Ecology

Chemistry: (2 Courses)

  • CHEM 113 General Chemistry I
  • CHEM 114 General Chemistry II 

Physics: (2 Courses) 

  • PHYS 109 Physics for Life Science I or PHYS 111 Introductory Physics I
  • PHYS 110 Physics for Life Science II or PHYS 112 Introductory Physics II 

Earth Sciences: (3 Courses) 

  • ENVR 111 Introductory Geology
  • PHYS 106 Meteorology
  • PHYS 108 Astronomy 

Additional Course Units in Science: (3 courses)

In this sequence, two courses are to be upper-level courses numbered 210 or above from one department (biology, chemistry, physics, geology or astronomy. Advanced work in geology or astronomy is available through cross-registration with Lehigh University). When appropriate, students are encouraged to be laboratory assistants in one of the science areas. 

Content Area Tests - required prior to certification

5436  General Science: Content Knowledge

Test scores should be reported to Moravian University (RA2418) and the Pennsylvania Department of Education. 

Program Coordinator

Dr. Edward Nolan 
Director of Middle and Secondary Education